Document Type : Articles


1 Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc), Tehran

2 Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Qom University of Technology; Qom; Visiting Lecturer, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc), Tehran

3 Visiting Lecturer; Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc), Tehran


As an active and emerging research field, knowledge strategy receives extensive academic attention and acts as a compass for knowledge management strategy. The main purpose of our research is to discover and visualize emergent and transient grouping of concepts and underlying research issues and their citation and co-citation footprints in knowledge strategy scientific literature. Based on the publications from Web of Science core databases from 1965 to 2018, a total of 403 publications matched the search criteria of this study. CiteSpace is applied for visualizing and analyzing trends and patterns of knowledge strategy scientific literature. Google Fusion application is used to show data distribution of knowledge strategy. This study showed that the area distribution of knowledge strategy research is worldwide and has spread especially in the United States, Europe, and other countries. According to this study, knowledge strategy and management are the research front keywords with more citations. Zack (1999) and Alavi (2001) are knowledge strategy's most prominent intellectual bases. Identifying emerging trends and abrupt changes in knowledge strategy are among the results of this study.


  1. Abou-Zeid, E. (2008). Knowledge Management and Business Strategies: Theoretical Frameworks and Empirical Research. Retrieved from
  2. About Fusion Tables. (2018). Retrieved November 18, 2001, from google website:
  3. Akhavan, P., Ebrahim, N. A., Fetrati, M. A., & Pezeshkan, A. (2016). Major trends in knowledge management research: a bibliometric study. Scientometrics, 107(3), 1249–1264.
  4. Asoh, D. A. (2004). Business and knowledge strategies: Alignment and performance impact analysis. DDOD박사학위논문. Retrieved from
  5. Bierly, P., & Chakrabarti, A. (1999). Generic knowledge strategies in the US pharmaceutical industry. Knowledge and Strategy. Retrieved from
  6. Bolisani, E., & Bratianu, C. (2018). Emergent knowledge strategies: strategic thinking in knowledge management.
  7. Chen, C. (2006a). CiteSpace II: Detecting and visualizing emerging trends and transient patterns in scientific literature. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 57(3), 359–377.
  8. Chen, C. (2006b). Information visualization: Beyond the horizon. In Information Visualization: Beyond the Horizon.
  9. Chen, C. (2014). Mapping scientific frontiers: The quest for knowledge visualization. In Mapping Scientific Frontiers: The Quest for Knowledge Visualization (Vol. 9781447151).
  10. Chen, C. (2015). CiteSpace : Visualizing Trends and Patterns in Scientific Literature Outline • What can we learn from scientific.
  11. Chen, K., & Guan, J. (2011). A bibliometric investigation of research performance in emerging nanobiopharmaceuticals. Journal of Informetrics, 5(2), 233–247.
  12. Chen, L. (2009). Information visualization analysis of the hot research topics and the research fronts of Information Resources Management(IRM). 2009 International Conference on Information Management, Innovation Management and Industrial Engineering, ICIII 2009, 4, 544–547.
  13. Cui, Y., Liu, Y., & Mou, J. (2018). Bibliometric analysis of organisational culture using CiteSpace. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 21(1).
  14. He, K., Zhang, J., Wang, X., Zeng, Y., & Zhang, L. (2018). A scientometric review of emerging trends and new developments in agricultural ecological compensation. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(17), 16522–16532.
  15. Holten, A. L., Hancock, G. R., Persson, R., Hansen, Å. M., & Hogh, A. (2016). Knowledge hoarding: antecedent or consequent of negative acts? The mediating role of trust and justice. Journal of Knowledge Management, 20(2), 215–229.
  16. Hou, J., Yang, X., & Chen, C. (2018). Emerging trends and new developments in information science: a document co-citation analysis (2009–2016). Scientometrics, 115(2), 869–892.
  17. Jin, Y., & Ji, S. (2018). Mapping hotspots and emerging trends of business model innovation under networking in Internet of Things. Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 2018(1).
  18. Jin, Y., & Li, X. (2018). Visualizing the Hotspots and Emerging Trends of Multimedia Big Data through Scientometrics. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 24(5), 801–812.
  19. Kushwaha, P., Tripathi, R., Chauhan, S., & Saxena, R. (2017). Exploring the Role of Knowledge Sharing in Digital Era: A Conceptual Study. National Seminar on Digital Transformation of Business in India: Opportunities and Challenges, (May). Retrieved from
  20. Moed, H. F., Markusova, V., & Akoev, M. (2018). Trends in Russian research output indexed in Scopus and Web of Science. Scientometrics, 116(2), 1153–1180.
  21. Ramachandran, I., Lengnick-Hall, C. A., & Badrinarayanan, V. (2019). Enabling and leveraging ambidexterity: influence of strategic orientations and knowledge stock. Journal of Knowledge Management, 23(6), 1136–1156.
  22. Schiebel, E. (2012). Visualization of research fronts and knowledge bases by three-dimensional areal densities of bibliographically coupled publications and co-citations. Scientometrics, 91(2), 557–566.
  23. Singh, S. K., Mittal, S., Sengupta, A., & Pradhan, R. K. (2019). A dual-pathway model of knowledge exchange: linking human and psychosocial capital with prosocial knowledge effectiveness. Journal of Knowledge Management, 23(5), 889–914.
  24. Snyder, R. G. (1999). knowledge and strategy. In M. H. Zack (Ed.), Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy (Vol. 7).
  25. Sousa, M. J., & Rocha, Á. (2019). Strategic Knowledge Management in the Digital Age: JBR Special Issue Editorial. Journal of Business Research, 94, 223–226.
  26. Takeda, Y., & Kajikawa, Y. (2009). Optics: A bibliometric approach to detect emerging research domains and intellectual bases. Scientometrics, 78(3), 543–558.
  27. Taşkın, Z., & Aydinoglu, A. U. (2015). Collaborative interdisciplinary astrobiology research: A bibliometric study of the nasa astrobiology institute. Scientometrics, 103(3), 1003–1022.
  28. Urbinati, A., Chiaroni, D., Chiesa, V., & Frattini, F. (2020). The role of digital technologies in open innovation processes: an exploratory multiple case study analysis. R and D Management, 50(1), 136–160.
  29. Wang, P., Zhu, F. W., Song, H. Y., Hou, J. H., & Zhang, J. L. (2018). Visualizing the academic discipline of knowledge management. Sustainability (Switzerland), 10(3).
  30. Xie, P. (2015). Study of international anticancer research trends via co-word and document co-citation visualization analysis. Scientometrics, 105(1), 611–622.
  31. Yang, S., Sui, J., Liu, T., Wu, W., Xu, S., Yin, L., … Liang, G. (2018). Trends on PM2.5 research, 1997–2016: a bibliometric study. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(13), 12284–12298.
  32. Yang, Z., Wang, L., & Xue, C. (2016). Research of Hotspots and Emerging Trends in Chinese Logistics Research (2003-2013): A Visualization Analysis in CiteSpace. Proceedings of the 6Th International Conference on Electronic, Mechanical, Information and Management Society (Emim), 40(Emim), 1394–1398.
  33. Zhang, Z. (2018). Visualization analysis of the development trajectory of knowledge sharing in virtual communities based on CiteSpace. Multimedia Tools and Applications, 1–15.
  34. Zhao, D., & Strotmann, A. (2014). The knowledge base and research front of information science 2006-2010: An author cocitation and bibliographic coupling analysis. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 65(5), 995–1006.