Document Type : Articles


1 Department of Medical Library and Information Sciences, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Master of Medical Library and Information Sciences, Department of Medical Library and Information Sciences, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Medical Library and Information Sciences, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Knowledge management is critical for universities and research institutes to improve their operations and activities. The study aimed to investigate knowledge management components in Iran University of Medical Sciences research centers from the faculty members' perspective. The sample size for the present study was generated using a simple random approach and Cochran's formula. The sample size was 245 out of 673 associate faculty members in affiliated research centers of the Iran University of Medical Sciences. The research instrument was the Fong and Choi knowledge management standard questionnaire. Following data collection, SPSS software version 23 was used to analyze the data using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation tests. From the participant's perspective, the results indicated that the status of knowledge acquisition components was relatively good, with an average of 3.26, knowledge creation at 3.42, knowledge storage at 3.19, knowledge distribution at 3.13, knowledge application at 3.34, and knowledge retention at 3.24. According to respondents, there was an inverse statistical relationship between knowledge generation and application components and the research ranking of research centers and a direct statistical relationship between knowledge storage and retention (P-value < 0.05). There was no correlation between knowledge acquisition and distribution and the research ranking of the centers (P-value > 0.05). According to the findings, knowledge management components were applied effectively in research institutions affiliated with the Iran University of Medical Sciences. As a result, planning and strategies at research institutions and universities are required to raise this level to the desired level.


Abbaspour, A., Kianfar, F., Nili Ahmadabadi, M. R., Rahimiyan, H. & Momeni, E. (2018). A survey on the current status of knowledge management of Payame Noor University of Khuzestan Province. RiCeST Journal Management Portal (Modiriate-e-Farda), 57(7), 203-218. Retrieved from [in Persian]
Ahmadvand, A.,  Hosseini Banharanchi, A., Moghan, R. &  Nouri, M. (2016). Providing a model for deploying knowledge management system in research centers case study: An academic research center. In 6th National Conference on Knowledge Management. Tehran, Iran. Retrieved from [in Persian]
Ansari, M., Rahmany Youshanlouei, H., Rahmani, K., Pasbani, M. & Asgari, M. A. (2013). Presenting a model the effects of knowledge management enablers in order to gain competitive advantages SMEs. Business Management Journal, 5(1), 21-40. [in Persian]
Asgharzadeh, F. & Gharae Poor, R. (2015). Knowledge management tools in developing applied knowledge in organizations. In 1st National Conference on Applied Economics and Management. Babolsar, Iran. Retrieved from [in Persian]
Barthès, J. A. & Tacla, C. A. (2002). Agent-supported portals and knowledge management in complex R&D projects. Computers in Industry, 48(1), 3-16.
 Behboudi, M. R., Abbas Nejad, T. & Daneshmandi, H. (2016). Investigating the status of knowledge management processes in Hormozgan University. Paper presented at The International Conference on New Researches in Management, Economy, Law and Humanities.
Chen, Y., Xu, Y. & Zhai, Q. (2019). The knowledge management functions of corporate university and their evolution: case studies of two Chinese corporate universities. Journal of Knowledge Management, 23(10), 2086-2112.
Conrad, D., Dierberger, G. & Isaacson, M. (2019). The management of knowledge-sharing in college business departments: A study of the perceptions of business department faculty regarding knowledge-sharing practices. American Journal of Management, 19(1), 48-59.
DalaiMilan, A. & Fereiduni, M. (2014). Exploring the usage of knowledge management from the viewpoint of Urmia University faculty members. Nursing and Midwifery Journal, 11(11), 936-943. Retrieved from [in Persian]
Ermine, J. (2010). Methods and tools for knowledge management in research centres. EJKM: Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, 8(3), 293-306. Retrieved from
Farahani, H. (2009). Knowledge management and its functions in organizations. Ma'rifat Monthly Journal, 18(137). Retrieved from [in Persian]
Fong, P. S. W. & Choi, S. K. Y. (2009). The processes of knowledge management in professional services firms in the construction industry: a critical assessment of both theory and practice. Journal of Knowledge Management, 13(2), 110-126.
Frederiksen, L. F., Hemlin, S. & Husted, K. (2004). The role of knowledge management in R&D: a survey of Danish R&D leaders' perceptions and beliefs. International Journal of Technology Management, 28(7-8), 820-839.
Gaines, B. R. & Shaw, M. L. G. (1995). Concept maps as hypermedia components. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 43(3), 323-361.
HajKarimi, A. & Bathaee, A. (2016). Intellectual capital management (strategic advantage-organizational value creation of concepts and applications). Bazargani publishing company. [in Persian]
Hasan, Q., Machado, M., Tsukamoto, M. & Umemoto, K. (2006). Knowledge creation for science and technology in academic laboratories: a pilot study. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 4(2), 162-169.

Hatamleh, H. M., Al-Zoubi, Z. H. & Darawsheh, N. A. A. (2017). Evaluation degree of knowledge management practice in Jordanian universities, and its relationship to occupational empowerment, as viewed by the faculty members. Journal of Institutional Research South East Asia, 15(2), 70-94. Retrieved from

Hejazi, A. & Nazarpouri, A. H. (2018). Study the barriers of successful implementation knowledge management in universities (Case study; Farhangian University). Journal of Managing Education in Organizations, 7(1), 169-204. Retrieved from [in Persian]
Hosseinzade, A., Shaabani A. & Siadat, A. (2012). Assessment of knowledge management application among the staff of libraries of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences based on Hissig model. Journal of Information Systems and Services, 1(1), 13-24. Retrieved from [in Persian]

Kazemi Mehr, M. R. & Keyhan, J. (2020). Practices of knowledge management in the education of Osko County. Applied Research in Management and Accounting, 5(17), 31-40. Retrieved from [in Persian]

Kheirandish, M., Toori, S. & Havasi, S. (2017). The impact of knowledge management on the organizational development through mediating role of intellectual capital in Shahid Sattari Air University. NAJA Human Resources, 8(48), 97-118. Retrieved from [in Persian]
Khorramshad, M. B. &  Adani, A. (2009). Islamic revolution: a civilization-building revolution; Iranian University. Journal of Iranian Culture Research, 2(2), 161-188. [in Persian]
 Nonaka, I. & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. Oxford University Press
O'Reilly, N. J. & Knight, P. (2007). Knowledge management best practices in national sport organisations. International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 2(3), 264-280.
Rafati Shaldehi, H., Hosnavi, R., Behazin, F. & Banitaba. S. A. R. (2008). The model of knowledge management process in a military research center. Journal of Military Medicine, 10(3), 237-252. Retrieved from [in Persian]
Raisinghani, M. S., Bekele, R., Idemudia, E. C. & Nakarmi, A. (2016). Managing knowledge in organizations: Tools & techniques for competitive advantage. Journal of Business Management and Economics, 4(2), 9-13. Retrieved from
Ramezani, G. & Salimi, J. (2016). Identification of the components of knowledge management and their implementation: A case study of University of Kurdistan. Knowledge Retrieval and Semantic Systems2(5), 1-24. [in Persian]
Sharifzadeh, M., Safari, S. & Heidari Chiane, A. (2017). Fitting and path analysis knowledge management model and its role in the creativity faculty members (the case of implementing universitis distance education). Education Strategies in Medical Sciences, 10(3), 172-179. Retrieved from [in Persian]
Shokrollahi, Z. & Karimi, F. (2016). The pattern of relationships between social capital and knowledge management with entrepreneurial orientations of the staff of Isfahan Tile Industry Company. Journal of Productivity Management, 9(36), 125-140. Retrieved from [in Persian]
Suh, W., Derick Sohn, J. H. & Yeon Kwak, J. (2004). Knowledge management as enabling R&D innovation in high tech industry: the case of SAIT. Journal of Knowledge Management, 8(6), 5-15.