Document Type : Articles


1 Assistant Prof., Department of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation, Universitas Islam Riau, Riau, Indonesia

2 Assistant Prof., Department of Physical Education, Universitas Islam Majalengka,West Java, Indonesia

3 Department of Physical Education, Universitas Dehasen Bengkulu

4 Social Security Management Center of Excellence School of Business Management Universiti Utara Malaysia

5 Department of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation Universitas Islam Riau

6 Department of Sport Science Universitas Negeri Medan


Sports are highly recommended in Islam, especially archery, horse riding, and swimming. All three contain aspects of health, skill, accuracy, sportsmanship, and competition. The main objective of this study is to conduct a systematic analysis of trending research literature, especially on the topic of sports in Islam, using bibliometric analysis. This study uses a bibliometric analysis approach with the help of the VOSViewer application. The search results show 393 sports studies in Islam published from 1928-2021 using the Scopus database. Based on VOSViewer mapping, the findings reveal that: the number of publications from 1928 to 2021 fluctuated; Of the 393 documents published, the United Kingdom published the most articles (146 documents); Tansin Benn (University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom) were the most influential authors contributing articles (17 documents) and was the most cited author (508 citations); the sources that published the most documents were the Journal of Sports Sciences (20 documents); the most influential documents (134 citations) was entitled “Young Muslim Women and Sport: The Impact of Identity Work” written by Kristin Walseth; keywords that often appear are “Islam, sport, gender, religion, Ramadan, Muslim, football, Muslim women, physical education, fasting”. For further researchers, they can see exciting topics to be researched.


Abdullah, K. H. (2022). Publication trends in biology education: A bibliometric review of 63 years. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 19(2), 465-480.
Abdullah, K. H. (2021). Publication trends and thematic evolution of safety motivation research: a bibliometric review. Proceedings on Engineering Sciences, 3(2), 181-192.
Abo-Zena, M. M. (2019). Being Young, Muslim, and Female: Youth Perspectives on the Intersection of Religious and Gender Identities. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 29(2), 308-320.
Abd Rahim, B. H., Mohamad Diah, N., & Aman, M. S. (2018). From immigrants to sports figures: the case study of the ioc refugee team in rio olympics 2016. Al-Shajarah: Journal of the International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC), 137-154. Retrieved from
Abd Rahim, B. H., Diah, N. M., Jani, H. M. & Ahmad, A. S. (2019). Islam and Sport: From human experiences to revelation. Intellectual Discourse, 27(2), 413-430. Retrieved from
Agergaard, S. (2015). Religious culture as a barrier? A counter-narrative of Danish Muslim girls’ participation in sports. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 8(2), 213-224.
Akhavi, S. (2003). Islam and the West in world history. Third World Quarterly, 24(3), 545-562.
Al-Dafrawi, A. S. A. (2020). An Islamic viewpoint on doping in sports: An analytical study. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization, 10(2), 106-126.
Al-Imam, A. A. M. (2020). The legal provisions of practicing sports for women. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(14), 3286-3292.
Amara, M. (2008). The Muslim world in the global sporting area. Brown Journal of World Affairs, 14(2), 67-75.
Amara, M. (2013). Sport, Islam, and Muslims in Europe: In between or on the margin? Religions, 4(4), 644–656.
Amara, M. & Henry, I. P. (2010). Sport, Muslim identities and cultures in the UK, an emerging policy issue: Case studies of Leicester and Birmingham. European Sport Management Quarterly, 10(4), 419-443.
Andrade, A., Dominski, F. H. & Coimbra, D. R. (2021). Scientific production on indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice: Bibliometric analysis. Applied Science, 196, 188-200.
Bahfen, N. (2013). Embracing footy: The sporting dimensions of australian muslim identity in greater Western Sydney. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 24(4), 445-457.
Belfiore, P., Ascione, A. & Di Plama, D. (2020). Technology and sport for health promotion: A bibliometric analysis. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(4), 932-942.
Benn, T., & Dagkas, S. (2013). The Olympic Movement and Islamic culture: Conflict or compromise for Muslim women? International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 5(2), 281-294.
Benn, T., Dagkas, S. & Jawad, H. (2011). Embodied faith: Islam, religious freedom and educational practices in physical education. Sport, Education and Society, 16(1), 17–34.
Chen, X., Chen, J., Wu, D., Xie, Y. & Li, J. (2016). Mapping the research trends by co-word analysis based on keywords from funded project. Procedia Computer Science, 91, 547-555.
Chtourou, H., Hammouda, O., Chaouachi, A., Chamari, K. & Souissi, N. (2012). The effect of time-of-day and ramadan fasting on anaerobic performances. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 33(2), 142-147.
Dagkas, S. & Benn, T. (2006). Young Muslim women’s experiences of Islam and physical education in Greece and Britain: A comparative study. Sport, Education and Society, 11(1), 21-38.
Dagkas, S., Benn, T. & Jawad, H. (2011). Multiple voices: Improving participation of Muslim girls in physical education and school sport. Sport, Education and Society, 16(2), 223-239.
De Knop, P., Theeboom, M., Wittock, H. & De Martelaer, K. (1996). Implications of Islam on Muslim girls’ sport participation in Western Europe. Literature review and policy recommendations for sport promotion. Sport, Education and Society, 1(2), 147-164.
Donthu, N., Kumar, S., Mukherjee, D., Pandey, N. & Lim, W. M. (2021). How to conduct a bibliometric analysis : An overview and guidelines. Journal of Business Research, 133, 285-296.
Fares, M. Y., Fares, J., Baydoun, H. & Fares, Y. (2017). Sport and exercise medicine research activity in the Arab world: A 15-year bibliometric analysis. BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, 3(1), 1-5.
Farooq, S. & Parker, A. (2009). Sport, physical education, and Islam: Muslim independent schooling and the social construction of masculinities. Sociology of Sport Journal, 26(2), 277-295.
Galimov, I. A. (2016). The attitude of the religion islam to the physical culture , sport and healthy lifestyle. International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Special August, 148-155.
Giannakos, M., Papamitsiou, Z., Markopoulos, P., Read, J. & Hourcade, J. P. (2020). Mapping child-computer interaction research through co-word analysis. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, 23–24, 100165.
Gilliat-Ray, S. (2010). Muslims in Britain: An introduction. Cambridge University Press.
Goudsouzian, A. (2016). From Lew Alcindor to Kareem Abdul-Jabbar: Race, Religion, and Representation in Basketball, 1968-1975. Journal of American Studies, 51(2), 437-470.
Gümüs, H., Gençoglu, C. & Sahin, T. (2020). Physical education and sports: Bibliometric analysis of the ERIC database. In International Online Journal of Education and Teaching (IOJET), 7(4), 1823-1837.  Retrieved from
Hernández-Torrano, D., Ibrayeva, L., Sparks, J., Lim, N., Clementi, A., Almukhambetova, A., Nurtayev, Y. & Muratkyzy, A. (2020). Mental health and well-being of university students: A Bibliometric mapping of the literature. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1226
Husain, S., Zafar, M. & Ullah, R. (2020). Ramadan and public health: A bibliometric analysis of top cited articles from 2004 to 2019. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 13(2), 275-280.
Jeong, D. & Koo, Y. (2016). Analysis of trend and convergence for science and technology using the VOSviewer. International Journal of Contents, 12(3), 54-58.
Jona, I. N. & Okou, F. T. (2013). Sports and religion. Asian Journal of Management Sciences and Education, 2(1), 46-54. Retrieved from
Kahan, D. (2011). AAA roadmap for navigating religion in physical education. Strategies, 24(4), 20-24.
Kay, T. (2006). Daughters of Islam: Family influences on muslim young women’s participation in sport. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 4(3), 357-373.
Kızar, O. (2018). The place of sports in the light of quran, hadiths and the opinions of the Muslim scholar in Islam. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 6(11), 2663-2668.
Kretschmann, R. & Benz, C. (2012). God has a plan: Moral values and beliefs of Christian athletes in competitive sports. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 7(2), 495-519.
Lee, J. W. (2005). Sport and the crurch: Exploring sport in the christian life center. The SMART Journal, 2(1), 25-32. Retrieved from
López-Carril, S., Escamilla-Fajardo, P., González-Serrano, M. H., Ratten, V. & González-García, R. J. (2020). The rise of social media in sport: A bibliometric analysis. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, 17(6).
MacLeod, W. B. & Urquiola, M. (2021). Why does the United States have the best research universities? incentives, resources, and virtuous circles. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 35(1), 185-206.
Maishnu, I. M. (2009). An analytical study of sports development as viewed from Islamic perspective. The Shield-Research Journal of Physical Education & Sports Science, 4, 80-100. Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/drghane/Downloads/2713-Article%20Text-4968-1-10-20201201-1.pdf
Malcolm, D., Bairner, A. & Curry, G. (2010). “Woolmergate”: Cricket and the representation of Islam and Muslims in the British press. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 34(2), 215-235.
Martin, W. H. & Mason, S. (2004). Leisure in an Islamic context. World Leisure Journal, 46(1), 4-13.
Marwat, M. K., Zia-Ul-Islam, S., Waseem, M. & Khattak, H. (2014). Islamic perspectives with reference to health and participation in sports. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 3(3), 23-29. Retrieved from
Matcharashvili, T., Tsveraidze, Z., Sborshchikovi, A. & Matcharashvili, T. (2014). The importance of bibliometric indicators for the analysis of research performance in Georgia. Trames, 18(4), 345-356.
Meckel, Y., Ismaeel, A. & Eliakim, A. (2008). The effect of the Ramadan fast on physical performance and dietary habits in adolescent soccer players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(6), 651-657.
Müller, A. M., Maher, C. A., Vandelanotte, C., Hingle, M., Middelweerd, A., Lopez, M. L., DeSmet, A., Short, C. E., Nathan, N., Hutchesson, M. J., Poppe, L., Woods, C. B., Williams, S. L. & Wark, P. A. (2018). Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and diet-related ehealth and mhealth research: Bibliometric analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(4), e122.
Nakamura, Y. (2002). Beyond the Hijab: Female Muslims and physical activity. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 11(2), 21-48.
Noaparast, K. B. (2013). Physical and spiritual education within the framework of pure life. International Journal of Children’s Spirituality, 18(1), 46-61.
Perdima, F. E., Suwarni & Gazali, N. (2022). Educational technology in physical education learning: A bibliometric analysis using Scopus database. SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias Del Deporte, 11(2), 34-42.
Pramuda, D. D. D., Adi, S. & Andiana, O. (2022). Survei motivasi berolahraga bagi santri putra. Jurnal Sport Science, 1(2), 38-44. Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/drghane/Downloads/2192-3885-1-SM.pdf [in Indonesian]
Randeree, K. (2011). Islam and the Olympics: Seeking a host city in the Muslim World. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Managemetn, 4(3), 211-226.
Rogers, G., Szomszor, M. & Adams, J. (2020). Sample size in bibliometric analysis. Scientometrics, 125(1), 777-794.
Sanchooli, Z. (2016). Physical education and sport in the from perspective Islam. International Academic Journal of Social Sciences, 3(1), 22-32.
Schulenkorf, N. & Edwards, D. (2012). Maximizing positive social impacts: Strategies for sustaining and leveraging the benefits of intercommunity sport events in divided societies. Journal of Sport Management, 26(5), 379-390.
Schuurman, E. (2011). Technology and religion: Islam, Christianity and materialism. Koers - Bulletin for Christian Scholarship, 76(2), 373-386.
Senarath, S. K. I. U. & Liyanage, T. P. (2020). Religious involvement in young islamic women participation in physical education, sports, and physical activities. Journal of Psychology Research, 10(8), 319-323.
Shavit, U. & Winter, O. (2011). Sports in contemporary Islamic law. Islamic Law and Society, 18(2), 250-280.
Silvia, B., Valerio, D. & Lorenza, G. (2012). The reflective journal: A tool for enhancing experience- based learning in nursing students in clinical practice. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 3(3), 102-111.
Sofyan, D., Abdullah, K. H. & Gazali, N. (2022). A bibliometric review of basketball game: Publication trends over the past five decades. ASM Science Journal, 17, 1-12.
Sofyan, D., Saputra, Y. M., Nurihsan, J. & Kusmaedi, N. (2021). Islamic Solidarity Games (ISG): Historical perspective. Journal Sport Area, 6(2), 201-208.
Sorek, T. (2002). The Islamic soccer league in Israel: Setting moral boundaries by taming the wild. Identities, 9(4), 445-470.
Testa, A. & Amara, M. (2016). Sport in Islam and in Muslim communities. London: Routledge.
Tomar, R. (2018, December). Linkages of Sports Activities with Spirituality and Religiosity of Community: The Case in Muslim Majority Country. In 2nd Yogyakarta International Seminar on Health, Physical Education, and Sport Science (YISHPESS 2018) and 1st Conference on Interdisciplinary Approach in Sports (CoIS 2018) (pp. 369-373). Atlantis Press.
Turkmen, M. (2018). Religiosity and female participation in sport: Exploring the perceptions of the Turkish university students. Physical Education of Students, 22(4), 196-206.
Van Eck, N. J. & Waltman, L. (2019). Manual for VOSviwer version 1.6.10. In CWTS Meaningful metrics. Univeristeit Leiden. Retrieved from
Walseth, K. (2006a). Sport and belonging. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 4, 447-464.
Walseth, K. (2006b). Young Muslim women and sport: The impact of identity work. Leisure Studies, 25(1), 75-94.
Walseth, K. (2016). Sport within Muslim organizations in Norway: ethnic segregated activities as arena for integration. Leisure Studies, 35(1), 78-99.
Walseth, K. & Fasting, K. (2003). Islam’s view on physical activity and sport: Egyptian women interpreting Islam. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 38(1), 45-60.
Zaman, H. (1997). Islam, well-being and physical activity: perceptions of muslim young women. In Clarke, G., Humberstone, B. (eds) Researching Women and Sport. Palgrave Macmillan, London.
Završnik, E., Kokol, P., Pišot, R. & Blažun, H. (2015). Education and sport: Identifying most productive research topics related to muscle with bibliometric analysis. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 15(1), 77-81.
Zerguini, Y., Kirkendall, D., Junge, A. & Dvorak, J. (2007). Impact of Ramadan on physical performance in professional soccer players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(6), 398-400.
Zupic, I. & Čater, T. (2015). Bibliometric Methods in Management and Organization. Organizational Research Methods, 18(3), 429–472.